Jakarta, CNBC Indonesia – Every animal has natural powers that can protect themselves from enemy attacks. This strength makes a number of animals nicknamed wild animals.
This certainly should not be underestimated because there are many animals that live side by side with humans. In fact, every year many people die because of wild and poisonous animals.
So what animals are dangerous and kill a lot of humans? The following explanation is presented Science Focus.
1. Mosquitoes – kill 725,000 people per year
Photo: Illustration of a Mosquito (Image by mika mamy from Pixabay)
Mosquitoes are the world’s deadliest animals and kill 725,000 people a year through the spread of diseases such as malaria and dengue hemorrhagic fever. Only female mosquitoes bite, making these insects the most dangerous animals.
Malaria infections are very bad in Africa. In fact, this region accounts for 95 percent of cases and 96 percent of deaths worldwide.
2. Snakes – kill 138,000 humans per year
Snakes are very dangerous and can be found all over the world. This animal can kill humans in a variety of different and brutal ways.
Black mamba snakes, for example, can kill a human with just two drops of venom from a single bite, while pythons can swallow an adult whole. Pythons attack by coiling their long bodies and binding their prey, strangling it and breaking its bones.
Many snakes use their elastic jaws to swallow their prey whole. Snakes are also capable of swallowing a person whole, and pythons are known to grow up to 10 meters long.
However, the most common human deaths from snakes occur due to venomous bites, and the lucky ones face amputations and “other permanent disabilities” according to WHO.
3. Dogs (rabies) – kill 59,000 people per year
Dogs that are usually human friends can also become enemies if they are infected with rabies. Deaths due to dog attacks are rare. It’s just that human deaths due to rabies transmitted through dog bites are not something that has never happened before, especially in the poorest regions of the world, including Africa and Asia.
According to the World Health Organization (WHO), dogs are the main source of human death from rabies, and contribute up to 99 percent of all rabies transmission to humans.
This disease is transmitted through saliva through bites, scratches, and direct contact with infected areas on dogs.
4. Assassin Bugs (disease-spreading beetles) – kill 10,000 people per year
This type of beetle can kill humans by spreading the deadly Chagas disease. Because of this, these blood-sucking predatory insects are a real threat in Central and South America.
Chagas disease is potentially fatal and is transmitted through the bite of an assassin beetle. Apart from that, consuming food or cold drinks that have been infected by beetles and/or their feces which carry the protozoan Trypanosoma cruzi (T.cruzi) can also be fatal.
Chagas disease, which is transmitted by beetles, attacks the heart, digestive system and nervous system according to the Pan American Health Organization (PAHO). Worse yet, the disease can be transmitted from mother to baby through the placenta during pregnancy.
5. Scorpions – kill 3,300 humans per year
Scorpions are known as aggressive small animals and can sting with poison in their tails. In total, about 25 of the 2,600 species of arachnids contain venom strong enough to kill humans.
One of the most dangerous and should not be underestimated is the deathstalker scorpion. The venom of this yellow scorpion can kill young people, the elderly, and those who already have medical problems that make the condition worse.
6. Crocodiles – kill 1,000 humans per year
Photo: Crocodile (Photo by Thắng-Nhật Trần: https://www.pexels.com/id-)
Crocodiles are vicious animals and are reported to cause 1,000 deaths every year. Just by looking at the crocodile’s teeth, you will know why this reptile is so dangerous.
The Nile crocodile is known to have a bite force of up to 5,000 psi, which is the strongest animal in the world, while the saltwater crocodile only has a bite force of 3,700 psi (the second strongest animal bite).
Crocodiles are aggressive and very territorial and will attack anything that enters their habitat. Crocodiles often ambush their prey in the water.
7. Elephants – kill 600 humans per year
Elephants are one of the most dangerous animals in the world thanks to their large size and can attack humans in various ways.
This large animal usually kills humans by trampling them. Because of its weight, just one elephant is enough to kill a human.
An elephant can also use its trunk to throw humans and crush them to the ground. Not only that, elephants will also use their tusks to kill.
8. Hippos – kill 500 humans per year
Even though they are rarely considered dangerous animals, the fact is that hippos can be frightening predators. Even when aggressive, hippos can be one of the most dangerous animals on Earth.
Hippos use their long canine teeth (up to half a meter) to fight and just one bite from these creatures can split a human body in half. A hippo’s bite has a force of 1,800 psi, almost three times the force of a lion.
Hippos can attack humans when someone approaches their habitat.
9. Lions – kill 200 humans per year
Photo: Lion Sleeping on the road during Lockdown in South Africa (Richard Sowry/Kruger National Park)
Even though they are not the number one killer, lions are still fierce and ferocious predators. Lions usually attack at night using their sharp claws and are capable of producing deep wounds with bites that can crush human bones or skulls.
Lions usually attack because they are hungry and to protect their young.