Jakarta, CNBC Indonesia – stunt is a type of malnutrition characterized by below average height and not according to age. Studies find that experienced child stunting have an average score Intelligence Quotient (IQ) is eleven points lower than the IQ score of normal children.
Public Health Practitioner (Kesmas), dr. Ngabila Salama, revealed that children of smoking parents are proven to have a risk stunting Which higher than that of children of non-smoker parents. he explained, There are three types of cigarettes that cause stunting that must be recognized by the public, namely first-hand smoke, second-hand smoke, And third-hand smoke.
Simply, first-hand smoke is cigarette smoke inhaled directly by smokers. Meanwhile, second-hand smoke is the smoke released by active smokers and inhaled by others. Final, third-hand smoke is the residue of cigarette smoke that sticks to the surface of objects.
“Cigarette residue on the wall can last a week to two weeks, including on clothes, hands and feet cellphone which children often hold at home,” said Dr. Ngabila in a live Instagram broadcast by the Ministry of Health (Kemenkes RI), Friday (25/8/2023).
“first, second, And thirdhand smoked the effect is equally harmful and is closely related to the development of toddlers,” continued Dr. Ngabila.
dr. Ngabila said that a number of studies have shown that children who are exposed to cigarette smoke have slower and slower development than those who are not exposed to it.
In addition, dr. Ngabila revealed that several studies had found nicotine levels in the urine of babies who lived in smoking environments. This is because the nicotine contained in cigarettes is easily inhaled and is very dangerous for infants and children. What’s more, children have a greater respiratory rate.
“Then, there is also an examination with a psychologist. It turns out [asap rokok] also affect developmental and mental processes, IQ is also affected. Emotional disturbances, anxiety, ADHD, autism, it all turns out to be related (due to cigarette exposure),” said Dr. Ngabila.
stunt is a type of malnutrition characterized by below average height and not according to age. Quoted from the official website of the World Health Organization (WHO), stunting occurs as a result of chronic malnutrition which can be associated with poverty, poor maternal health and nutrition.
RI Ministry of Health defines stunting as a form of growth failure or growth failing due to insufficient nutrition received from pregnancy to 24 months of age. circumstances stunting can get worse if you don’t catch up with growth or catch up growth child.
Conditions that can occur from the time the fetus is still in the womb and are only seen when they are two years old can affect a child’s mental and learning abilities. According to the Ministry of Health, children who experience stunting have an average score Intelligence Quotient (IQ) is eleven points lower than the IQ score of normal children.
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