Jakarta, CNBC Indonesia – The Chandrayaan-3 mission proved India in the eyes of the world. The plane, which is completely ‘Made in India’, successfully landed smoothly on the south pole of the Moon.
India became the first country to reach the end of the Moon, as well as being the fourth country to arrive on the Moon.
After 40 days of waiting, Chandrayaan-3 finally arrived on the Moon on Wednesday (23/8) local time, according to the Indian Space Research Organization (ISRO).
The following is a series of interesting facts from the Chandrayaan-3 mission, summarized from various sources, Thursday (24/8/2023):
Chandrayaan-3 is more economical than Russia’s Luna-25
First, the Chandrayaan-3 mission cost almost 6,500,000,000 rupees or around IDR 1.2 trillion, quoted from Livemint. This value is much smaller than similar mission expenditures issued by other countries.
For example, Russia’s Luna-25 was also about to land on the south pole of the Moon, but failed. Quoted from BSEHExam, the budget for Luna-25 is around US$ 200 million or the equivalent of Rp. 3 trillion.
Advanced Mission since 2009
In 2009, the Chandrayaan-1 mission to the Moon managed to collect data in the coldest and darkest areas, namely the Moon’s poles. The data shows signs of frozen water ice deposits.
Then, 10 years later in 2019, ISRO launched the Chandrayaan-2 mission to follow up on previous findings. Unfortunately, the mission failed because the plane crashed into the surface of the Moon when it was about to land.
Now, 4 years later, Chandrayaan-3 has successfully landed and will continue exploration to prove the presence of frozen water ice at the Moon’s poles.
Another Mission Chandrayaan-3
The probe will measure the density of plasma (ions and electrons) on the lunar soil surface. Chandrayaan-3 will also measure stability around the Moon landing site.
This mission will help scientists find out what kinds of chemicals are in the lunar soil. The Alpha Particle X-Ray Spectrometer (APXS) will determine the composition of elements such as magnesium, Aluminum, Silicon, Potassium, Calcium, Titanium and Iron, in the soil and rocks around the Moon landing sites.
Lifetime of Vikram and Pragyan on Chandrayaan-3
The landing gear used on Chandrayaan-3 is called the ‘Vikram Lander’. Inside is also embedded a rover called ‘Pragyan Rover’.
The Vikram Lander weighs 1,749.86 kg and has a lifetime of 1 day on the Moon or 14 days on Earth.
Those are some interesting facts about Chandrayaan-3. Hope it is useful!