Jakarta, CNBC Indonesia – Air pollution in Jakarta has a negative impact on the health of citizens. The number of patients with Acute Respiratory Infections or ISPA has also increased sharply.
The Minister of Health (Menkes) Budi Gunadi Sadikin also opened his voice. According to him, ISPA patients before Covid-19, reached 50,000 patients. Now, the number has climbed to 200,000 patients.
“So, there are consequences of this air pollution,” said the Minister of Health, when met after the ASEAN Finance – Health Minister Meeting (AFHMM) 2023, Thursday (24/8/2023).
Meanwhile, according to him, the Ministry of Health will move on the downstream side, namely medical readiness, patient handling and residents’ health, not on the upstream side or the source of the cause.
“So my position is to encourage the upstream sectors, namely the energy sector, environmental transportation, so that we can tighten the emission of these particles so that those of us who are downstream are under less pressure,” said the Minister of Health.
He also understands that five respiratory diseases have a fairly large total BPJS Health claim, which is IDR 10 trillion.
“Certainly this year if there are more victims, it will go up.”
Regarding the handling of pollution, we are optimistic that this can be controlled. An example of the best and fastest control is China.
“They’re taking some drastic steps to ensure the sky is blue, right and it’s proven to be falling fast, so what makes us optimistic is that if friends help educate the public and the public that this can be handled, it should be handled,” he said.
Quoting IQAir data, air pollution caused 8,100 deaths in Jakarta during 2023 and caused losses of around US$2.1 billion in Jakarta during the same period. This value is equivalent to IDR 32.09 trillion rupiah (US$ 1 = IDR 15,280).
Another study, from the global health organization Vital Strategies and the DKI Jakarta Environment Agency, which was released on 27 February 2023, estimates that air pollution in Jakarta has the potential to cause more than 10,000 deaths and 5,000 people are treated for cardiorespiratory diseases every year.
Another impact, more than 7,000 poor outcomes for children, and costs more than US$2.9 billion per year (2.2% of the gross regional domestic product/GRDP of DKI Jakarta).
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