Jakarta, CNBC Indonesia – Since the start of the industrial revolution, there will always be threats from new technological machines. Starting from the time of the mechanical loom to the microchip as it is today, it will take over human work.
In general, it’s humans who have always won. But now, some experts believe that with the presence of AI, the threat is becoming real.
Robots will really come into the midst of people’s lives and do some work.
A report from Goldman Sachs in March 2023 estimates that AI capable of producing content can do a quarter of all the work currently done by humans.
The report further notes that, across the European Union and the US, 300 million jobs could be lost due to automation. And this can be bad.
“This doesn’t just happen to individuals, it can also happen systemically,” said Martin Ford, author of Rule of the Robots: How Artificial Intelligence Will Transform Everything, quoted from the BBC, Saturday (2/9/2023).
“This could happen to many people, it might happen suddenly, and it might happen at the same time. And it impacts not only these individuals, but also the economy as a whole,” he added.
“Safe” Jobs from AI
However, not all bad news. Experts say there are still things that AI is not capable of, for example tasks that involve human qualities, such as emotional intelligence and out-the-box thinking.
And transitioning into roles or jobs in those fields can help reduce the likelihood of being replaced by AI.
Ford divides it into three categories of types of work that will not be ‘touched’ by AI.
The first is truly creative work.
“You don’t do formulaic work or just rearrange things, but you do come up with new ideas and build something new,” he says.
But it should be noted, not all creative workers can be safe. In fact, things like graphic design and visual arts-related roles may be among the first to disappear in favor of AI. Basic algorithms can direct bots to analyze millions of images, allowing AI to master the aesthetics instantly.
Security in other ‘creative’ fields can come from medicine, science and law.
“In science, medicine and law, people whose job it is to come up with new legal strategies or business strategies. I think there will continue to be a place there for humanity,” he said.
The second isolated category, he continued, is work that requires interpersonal relationships.
These professions include nurses, business consultants, and investigative journalists.
This is a job, which requires deep understanding of people. He thinks it will be a long time before AI has the ability to interact in a way that actually builds relationships.”
The third safe zone, is a job that really requires a lot of mobility and agility as well as the ability to solve problems in an unpredictable environment.
Such as work as an electrician, plumber, welder and the like, which fall into this category.
“It’s the kind of job where you’re always dealing with new situations,” he said.
“They are probably the most difficult to automate. To automate a job like this, you need a sci-fi robot. You need a Star Wars C-3PO.”
Even though humans are likely to continue to do jobs that fall into these categories, that doesn’t mean that these professions are completely isolated from the development of AI.
In fact, says Joanne Song McLaughlin, professor of labor economics at the University of Buffalo, most jobs, regardless of industry, have aspects that technology tends to automate.
“In most cases, there is no immediate threat to the job, but the tasks will change.” he said.
“Human jobs will become more focused on interpersonal skills,”
“It’s easy to imagine that, for example, AI will detect cancer much better than humans. In the future, I assume doctors will use the new technology. But I think the overall role of doctors will be irreplaceable.”
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