Jakarta, CNBC Indonesia – Worldwide cancer cases in people aged 14 to 49 increased by almost 80 percent during the period from 1990 to 2019, according to researchers from China and the UK. The report also estimates that cancer cases in the under 50 age group will increase by 31 percent by 2030.
This figure is clearly a warning. The reason is, as is known, cancer is a malignant disease and one of the biggest causes of death in the world.
Citing a South China Morning Post (SCMP) report, a team of researchers from the University of Edinburgh and Zhejiang University School of Medicine in China analyzed data from the 2019 Global Burden of Disease Study for 29 types of cancer in 204 countries and regions. They looked at new cases, deaths, health consequences, and risk factors in people aged 14 to 49, and estimated the annual percentages each year.
From this analysis, the researchers found that there were 3.26 million new cancer diagnoses in the age group under 50 years in 2019. This figure has increased by 79.1 percent since 1990. Not only that, the death rate has also increased by 27.7 percent.
Causes of soaring cancer cases among young adults
The researchers said, apart from genetic factors, it turns out that a bad lifestyle such as smoking, alcohol consumption, and a diet high in meat and salt are the main risk factors for cancer. Plus other factors such as being overweight, low physical activity and high blood sugar.
These risks can be significantly reduced through lifestyle changes: not smoking or drinking alcohol; reduce eating meat, salt and processed sugar, and increase vegetables and fruit; maintain a healthy weight; and exercise regularly.
The researchers also found that breast cancer accounted for the largest proportion of cases, namely 13.7 cases per every 100,000 people. Meanwhile, cases of throat cancer and prostate cancer are growing the fastest, respectively at 2.28 percent and 2.23 percent per year.
The earlier cancer is detected, the easier it is to treat.
The American Cancer Society advises everyone to remain alert to the following potential symptoms of the disease:
- Changes in bowel or bladder habits
- Wounds that don’t heal;
- Unusual bleeding or discharge;
- Thickening or lump in the breast or elsewhere;
- Indigestion or difficulty swallowing;
- Noticeable changes in warts or moles;
- Disturbing cough or hoarse voice.
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