Jakarta, CNBC Indonesia – Climate disaster is not a figment of imagination. Several studies show that the Earth’s temperature is getting warmer. As a result of the increasing temperature of the Earth, areas for growing seasonal fruits are increasingly being lost. And in the aftermath of all these disasters, a number of fruits are predicted to disappear.
According to reports The Korea Herald, types of fruits that are threatened to disappear from South Korea due to global warming are apples, grapes and pears. Meanwhile, tropical fruits, such as mango and passion fruit will actually become ‘popular fruit’ in the country.
“We may not be able to see the changes immediately. However, the fruit crops that we usually see in shops and traditional markets may change in the future. What we call seasonal fruits here can also change,” said the senior researcher at Research Institute of Climate Change and Agriculture, Han Hyun-hee, quoted Friday (18/9/2023).
According to the latest report by the Research Institute of Climate Change and Agriculture, apples are the fruit most affected by global warming. By 2070, most of the apple-growing area in South Korea is predicted to disappear, except for a few areas in the northernmost province of Gangwon.
“In the past, no one thought of growing apple trees in Gangwon Province, but now there are farmers growing apples in the area,” said Han.
In the 1980s, most apples were grown in and around Daegu. However, the largest apple fields have now moved to areas with higher latitudes, such as Cheongsong, Andong, and Yeongju in North Gyeongsang Province, as well as Chungju, North Chungcheong Province.
Meanwhile, Jeju’s original Hallabong orange cultivation area has also moved north and is currently being produced in Naju, South Jeolla Province; Jeongeup, North Jeolla Province; and Chungju, Province North Chungcheong.
The researchers stated that when the average temperature rises by 1 degree Celsius, a suitable location for the plant is at 81 kilometers north of latitude and 154 meters above altitude.
The average temperature in South Korea continues to rise
Photo: REUTERS/Fabrizio Bensch/
FILE PHOTO: Organic bananas are pictured in an organic supermarket in Berlin, Germany, January 31, 2013. REUTERS/Fabrizio Bensch
From 2013 to 2022, the average temperature in South Korea will increase by about 0.6 degrees Celsius to 24.3 degrees Celsius. Previously, the average temperature in 1991 to 2000 was 23.7 degrees Celsius. These changes pushed the crop cultivation areas to shift as far as 48.6 kilometers to the north.
According to the same report, the subtropical area covering about 6 percent of South Korea’s total land area could increase to around 55.9 percent by 2050.
In addition, reports claim that the area where seasonal fruits, such as pears, peaches, and grapes grow, will shrink. By 2090, peaches and pears will be unable to grow in most places, except for a few areas in Gangwon Province. The temperature suitable area for cultivating quality grapes will shrink significantly from 2070.
“We are working to develop fruits that can withstand higher temperatures, but improving the properties of fruit plants also has its limits. In the end, farmers will have to change their crops,” said Han.
As the Earth’s temperature is getting warmer, the number of farmers who switch to tropical fruits is also relatively increasing.
In Jeju, the southernmost part of South Korea, farmers are starting to grow tropical fruits, such as passion fruit, dragon fruit and bananas. Meanwhile, other tropical crops, such as papayas and cherries have also begun to be cultivated in South Jeolla and South Gyeongsang Provinces.
“In Korea, tropical fruits still have to be grown in greenhouses, but many farmers are turning to tropical fruits because the costs required to keep the temperature due to increasing temperatures are lower,” said Han.
The research institute report said that the number of farmers growing tropical fruits in South Korea reached 556 in 2021, up 50 percent from 2017. The area of land used for tropical fruits also increased by 70 percent, to 186.8 hectares. of 109.4 hectares in 2017.
By crop, mango is the most cultivated tropical fruit with an area of 76.8 hectares in 2021, followed by passion fruit with 34.6 hectares and bananas with 21.2 hectares.
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